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درس اول
زمان گذشته کامل ( ماضی بعید )
این زمان برای بیان عملی بکار می رود که قبل از عمل دیگری انجام گرفته است
She had washed the dishes before the guests left home .
او قبلاز اینکه مهمانان بروند ظرفها را شسته بود .
طرز ساختن این زمان در انگلیسی
اسم مفعول فعل اصلی + had + فاعل

We had played

You had played

They had played I had played
You had played
He had played
She had played

طرز منفی کردن این زمان
اسم مفعول فعل اصلی +not had + فاعل
به مثالهای زیر توجه کنید
1) I had not gone to school .
من به مدرسه نرفته بودم
2) I had not seen him من او را ندیده بودم

طرز سوالی کردن این زمان

Had they gone to school ? آیا آنها به مدرسه رفته بودند؟
طرز شناسایی این زمان در سوالات و تستها
ماضی بعید + گذشته ساده + before
گذشته ساده + before +ماضی بعید

Before you came , I had watched TV.
I had watched TV before you came .
قبل از اینکه شما بیایید من تلویزیون نگاه کرده بودم
ـــــــــــــــــــــ
ماضی بعید + after + گذشته ساده
گذشته ساده + ماضی بعید + after

After Mina had done his homework ,he had watched TV.
بعد از اینکه مینا تکالیفش را انجام داده بود تلویزیون تماشا کرد .

ـــــــــــــــــــــ
ماضی بعید + because + گذشته ساده

I was tired because I had worked hard
من خسته بودم زیرا سخت کار کرده بودم .

تقاضای مؤدبانه با (would you mind)
Would you mind letting me use your pen?
آیا برای شما اشکالی دارد که من از خودکارتان استفاده کنم؟
Would you mind helping me clean the room?
آیا برای شما اشکالی دارد که به من برای تمیز کردن اتاق کمک کنید؟
1 – برای پاسخ به سؤالات فوق می توان گفت «البته که نه » یا (No,not at all) یعنی که این تقاضای مؤدبانه را می پذیرید.
2 – ملاحظه می کنید که پس از عبارت would you mind فعل به صورت Ing فرم به کار می رود.

پا سخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) He ……………….. the shoes , before you saw him .
a) have bought b) has bought
c) bought d) had bought
2) Ahmad was tired because he ………………… for 5 hours .
a) is working b) works
c) had worked d) has worked
3) He was upset ……………… he had lost his money .
a) because b) since c) so d) if
4) I ……………. let Javad listen to the radio , because she had not done her homework .
a) won’t b) hadn’t c) don’t d) didn’t
5) He ……………….. before I arrived .
a) went b) has gone c) was going d) had gone
6) ………………. she cleaned the room carefully before they arrived ?
a) Are b) Did c) Have d) Had
7) Ali has eaten a sandwich before he ……………….. to bed .
a) had gone b) will go c) goes d) went
8) After he …………………. I went to bed .
a) had gone b) has gone c) was going d) will go
9) He had learned English ………………………….. .
a) before he left Iran b) since last year
c) before he lives Iran d) until next year
10) Let’s buy some tea . We’ve ……………….. of tea .
a) bought b) had c) run out d) fixed
11) The dishes ……………….. every night .
a) are washed b) were washed
c) have been washed d) will be washed
12) Please turn …………….. the radio . I want to sleep .
a) on b) up c) down d) off
شکل صحیح افعال داخل پرانتز را به کار ببرید .
1) My brother was very hungry because he ……………… lunch ( have )
2) He ………………. home before you called . ( come )
3) We ………………. a new car . ( buy )
4) I ………………….. here for ten years . (live )
5) He didn’t come to the cinema with us because he ………the film before .
( see )
6) I ……………… the book after I had finished my homework. ( read )
7) Sahar usually ..………… tea, but today he is drinking milk.( drink )
8) Their relatives ……………….. from Europe next month. ( come back )

در هر گروه کلمه ناهماهنگ را پیدا کنید
1) banana / apple / orange / book
2) garden / kitchen / bathroom / bedroom
3) tea / cheese / milk / water
مترادف کلماتی که زیر آنها خط کشیده شده است را بنویسید
1) When I become older , I will buy a car .
2) We have run out of sugar .
3) Jack is in his bed , because he is ill .
جملات زیر را بخوانید و سپس گزینه درست را انتخاب کنید
1) Would you mind helping me with these math problems ?
a) Could you help me to solve these math problem ?
b) Please help me to look at these math problem .
c) Would you mind telling me to read these math problem ?
d) Please remind me to do these math problems
2) He didn’t like the book , so he put it aside .
a) He read that book and put aside .
b) He left that book here to read it later .
c) He put the book away and didn’t read it at all .
d) He liked the book, so he sold it .
3) Ali’s teacher sometimes gives him a reward because he ……………
a) studies lesson carefully
b) does his homework carefully
c) pays no attention to him
d) doesn’t speak politely
دیکته : کلمات ناقص زیر را کامل کنید
Washoe kept on doing puz_ les without a reward . She kept on until she had ret_rn_d all the bananas . Washoe le_rned many things that day and the man did too .He pi_ked up the newspaper and look the pictures car_ ful_y

جدول زیر را کامل کنید
اسم مفعول گذشته حال
Finish
Drink
Speak
Seen
Taught
Eat
Learned
Do
Wait
Went
Swam
Written
Became
cut
Slept

درس دوم
any , no
any در جملات منفی و سوالی به کار میرود و به معنی (( هیچ )) در جملات منفی به کار میرود .
There isn’t any cheese in the refrigerator .
Is there any milk in the glass .
any هم با اسامی قابل شمارش و هم با اسامی غیر قابل شمارش به کار میرود .
no به معنی (( نه )) جمله را منفی می کند و از نظر مفهوم با not any فرقی ندارد . می توان گفت :

There was no student in this class . = There was not any student in this class .
فرق not ,no
no صفت است و اسم را توصیف میکند اما not قید است و برای توصیف فعل / صفت ویا قید به کار میرود . به طور خلاصه میتوان گفت :

در هر گروه کلمه ناهماهنگ را پیدا کنید
1) mountain / earth / sun / moon
2) yours / mine / hers / their
3) teacher / higher / worker / sailor
متضاد کلمات ستون A را در ستون B پیدا کنید
A B
1) happy a) clean
2) fast b) black
3) true c) sad
4) dirty d) slow
5) white e) small
f) false
جملات زیر را با any , noو some کامل کنید .
1) I don’t have ………….. money . Can you give me some ?
2) Is there ……………….. milk in this glass ?
3) I have ……………….. good friend in this town .
4) There are ……………. clouds in the sky . It won’t rain .
5) She had ………………. money in her pocket .
6) I don’t see ……………….. cheese on the table .
7) I see ……………….. cheese on the table .
8) He has ……………….. money with him, does he ?
9) There aren’t ………………… students in the classroom now .
10) Please give me …………… water .I’m very thirsty .
در جملات زیر بجای no از any استفاده کنید .
1) There is no oranges in this box .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2) I have no money to buy a car .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3) He saw no boys in the park .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4) I have no time to come to the party .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
پاسخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) Did his father eat ………… in the park ?
a) anything b) something c) nothing d)everything
2) The earth goes around the …………….. once a year .
a) plant b) plane c) train d) sun
3) Man cannot live on the moon because ………………………….
a) there is no plant life on it b) water cannot be found on it
c) it has no air or water d) all of these
4) Did you find …………………. new books ?
a) some b) any c) no d) none

با معلومات خود جملات زیر را کامل کنید
1) We think there may not be any ……………………….. on the moon .
2) My brother works in the navy . He is a …………………..
3) When you want to take a photograph , you need it . It is a(n) ………….
از بین چهار کلمه مشخص شده یک کلمه از نظر دستوری اشکال دارد
Ali doesn’t ask nobody to help him with his English .
با هر گروه از کلمات داده شده یک جمله بسازید
1) The world / I / to travel / would like / around
…………………………………………………………………………………..

2) age/six/go/country / school / at / our / the / usually / of / in / to / children
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

دیکته : کلمات ناقص زیر را کامل کنید
They were made by very big ro _ ks . They had walls as tall as b _ ildings .
A Russian spac _ sh_ p went around the moon in 1959 .

درس سوم
کاربرد ضمایر موصولی
این ضمایر برای ربط دو جمله به کار می روند و شامل :
which , who , what , whom , that , whose
جهت آشنایی با کاربرد این ضمایر در جمله الگوهای زیر را به خاطر بسپارید
ف
فعل w ho انسان (( حالت فاعلی ))
فاعل whom انسان (( حالت مفعولی ))
فاعل / فعل which غیر انسان
فاعل / فعل t hat انسان یا غیر انسان
اسم w hose اسم
what فعل

به جملات زیر توجه کنید
1) The man who came by bus , teaches me .
2) The shirt which he bought , is in his room .
3) The man whom you saw yesterday , was my teacher .
4) This is the most interesting book that I read .
5) The boy who is playing is my brother .
6) The boy whom I saw was clever .
7) The book which is on the desk is not good .
8) The man whose book is lost is going to buy another book .

در جملات میتوان بجای whom , who , which از that استفاده کرد .

پاسخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) The man ……………….. was walking to him lives here .
a) which b) who c) whose d) whom
2) The letter ………………….. written yesterday is here now .
a) that b) who c) whose d) whom
3) The test ……………… the teacher gave us last week was very difficult .
a) whose b) whom c) who d) which
4) The shirt …………………. you wanted to put on , was dirty .
a) why b) which c) who d) where
5) The woman ……………. closed the door was my teacher .
a) who b) whom c) which d) what
6) The man …………………. you saw , is a famous player .
a) that b) whom c) whose d) which
7) The boy ……………….. telephoned you lives in this house .
a) whom b) who c) which d) whose
8) The police are on the …………………. of the thief
a) highway b) track c) way d) road
9) A mechanic is a person who …………….. the cars .
a) breaks b) fixes c) sells d) finds
10) The bird …………………… is in the cage is very beautiful .
a) which b) whom c) what d) who
11) The girl …………… works in the post office is my sister .
a) whom b) which c) whose d) who
12) She has lost the ruler ……………….. she bought yesterday .
a) who b) which c) what d) where
در جای خالی ضمیر موصولی مناسب قرار دهید .
1) I met the girl ……………… works in the bank .
2) Did you read the letter …………………… I gave you ?
3) I don’t like food …………………. is salty .
4) The man …………………. You met at the party is my best friend .
5) This is a sailor …………….. I met him last week
6) The magazine …………….. he likes , is in his room .
7) The boy …………………. you spoke to him is my friend .
8) I met the man …………… can speak three languages .
9) The test ………………. We had yesterday , was very difficult .
10) The boy ………….. toy is here , is my brother .

جملات زیر را با ضمیر موصولی داخل پرانتز به یکدیگر ربط دهید .
1) Ali opened the book . It was on the table . ( that )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2) This is a man .He found my car . ( who )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
3) The doctor is my brother . You met him yesterday . ( whom )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5) I saw the girl . The girl was clever . ( whom )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6) The book was interesting . I bought the book . ( which )
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

جملات زیر را با کلمات مناسب کامل کنید
1) Could you buy a ………………….. of bread for me ?
2) Cars can go fast on …………………
3) Mina is going to the store to buy a ……………….. of soap .
جملات زیر را بخوانید و گزینه درست را انتخاب کنید
1) Thousands of small light bulbs made the city glow at night .
a) A lot of cities glow at night by light bulbs .
b) Many light bulbs shine the city during the night .
c) The city glows at night but we can’t see any small light bulbs
2) There are schools and churches in the toy town .
It means ………….
a) churches are made of little modles .
b) you can see schools and churches if you go in the toy town .
c) In the toy town people usually go to school and churches .

درس چهارم
کاربرد فعلی بعد از فعل دیگر
اگر در جمله ای دو فعل وجود داشته باشد فعل اول متناسب بازمان و شخص ( فاعل ) جمله به کار می رود اما فعل دوم بصورت مصدر با to ویا بدون to به کار میرود .
یاد آوری : مصدر چیست ؟
ریشه فعل را مصدر می گویند . در زبان انگلیسی to قبل از فعل نشانه مصدر است
نکات مهم :
1)اگر فعل اول جزء افعال modal باشد فعل دوم به شکل ساده ( مصدر بدون to) به کار می رود .
1) You may leave the classroom .
2) They couldn’t buy a new car.
2) اگر فعل جمله یکی از افعال know , guess , think , believe باشد بعد از آنclause that می آید .
I know that my father is working now .
He believes that it is a garden .
They guess that the weather will be nice tomorrow .
3) اگر فعل اول یکی از افعال زیر باشد فعل بعد از آن بصورت مصدر با to می آید .
begin – decide – plan – promise – try – wish – prefer – expect – hope – like – ask , go, …………..
به جملات زیر توجه کنید
1) I prefer to drink tea .
2) we will decided to leave Shiraz tomorrow .
3) I hope to see you again .
4) They like to buy an Iranian car .
5) I am trying to answer all the questions .
6) He wishes to become a writer .

ادامه گرامر درس چهارم
کاربرد اسم به عنوان توصیف کننده

همانطور که میدانید صفت کلمه ای است که اسم را توصیف می کند .
He is a good teacher .
It is a big house .
گاهی اوقات در جمله دو اسم پشت سر هم میآیند . در این صورت اسم اول نقش صفت را در جمله دارد و اسم دیگر را توصیف می کند .
I have bought the bus tickets .
There is a bus stop over there .
نکته مهم :
اسمی که نقش صفت را در جمله دارد هرگز جمع بسته نمیشود.

پاسخ درست را انتخاب کنید

1) He didn’t want ……………………. anything .
a) learns b) learning c) learned d) to learn
2) Did he go to the store …………. food .
a) bought b) buy c) to buy d) buying
3) There was a ……………… car accident near our house .
a) terrible b) expensive c) cheap d) crowded
4) I have a good ……………… to help those children .
a) season b) reason c) carton d) canal
5) Our teacher usually asks the students …………….. attention when he’s teaching a new lesson .
a) pay b) paying c) paid d) to pay
6) I studied very hard . That is the ……………. I passed the exam.
a) question b) reason c) puzzle d) problem
7) The synonym of “ free” is ……………….
a) amused b) busy c) not busy d) working
8) A…………… works on ships .
a) butcher b) baker c) painter d) sailor
9) We have decided ……………….. Tehran tomorrow .
a) leave b) leaving c) to leave d) will leave

10) He is planning …………………….. our country next month .
a) visited b) visiting c) visits d) to visit

11) Which sentence is correct ?
a) I see the garden flowers b) I see the flowers garden
c) That is a store shoe d) I saw a book chemistry

با هر گروه از کلمات یک جمله درست بسازید
1) me / call / promised / he / on Monday / to / has
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2) they / in / the ground / a mine / under / work
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
3) this baby / hold / my / please / want / homework / I / do / to / because
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

درس پنجم
موارد استعمال حرف تعریف the :
1) قبل از اسمی که بعد از فعل امر بیاید
Turn off the radio .
2) قبل از کلمات morning , evening , afternoon و night به کار میرود .
He usually play ping pong in the morning .
3 )قبل از اسمی که بعد از آن علامت ملکی ( s ’ یا of ) باشد حرف تعریف the به کار میرود .
I watched the children’s program yesterday .
4) قبل از اسمی که برای بار دوم تکرار شود .
I see a car in the street . The car is parked in front of a building .

5) قبل از اسامی منحصر بفرد مانند sky _ moon _ earth _ sun می آید .
The sun is shining in the sky .
6) قبل از اعداد ترتیبی مانند first _ second _ third , …… حرف تعریف the به کار میرود .
Farvardin is the first month of spring .
7) قبل از صفات و قیود عالی حرف تعریف the به کار میرود .
It is the best film that I have ever seen .
☺◄ مواردی که حرف تعریف the به کار نمی رود .

قبل از روز های هفته Friday
قبل از ماههای سال April
قبل از سالها 1996
قبل از نام شهرها Shiraz
قبل از کشورها Iran
قبل از اسم اشخاص Mina
ـ قبل از صفات ملکی و اشاره و ضمایر ملکی my / this / mine

پا سخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) They arrived in ……….. Tehran in ………… afternoon .
a) the / the b) ……/ the c) the / ….. d) …… / ……
2 ) I bought a pen and a newspaper . I read ……….newspaper.
a) an b) the c) a d) ……
3) Maryam was born in …………. second month of summer
a) the b) a c) an d) ……
4) I have come here to see ………. Ali and his friends .
a) the / the b) ……/ the c) the / ….. d) …… / ……
5) There is …………… woman in the car . An officer is talking to ……… woman
a ) the / a b) a / the c) a / a d) the / the
6 ) Some of your friends live ………. England .
a) in b) in the c) the d) _____
7) ……………. destroyed the whole building ?
a) Where b) When c) What d) How
8 ) I don’t onion soup ………………
a) the whole b) at all c) all the d) of all
9 ) I …………… the bus . That is reason why I am late .
a) mixed b) missed c) jumped d) cried
10 ) A: What’s the ………….. of Iran ? B : I think Tehran .
a) pattern b) example c) chicken d) capital
12) He can’t find his friend’s apartment , He is completely ……………
a) lovely b) mixed up c) hungry d) bad luck
13) …………….. Fridays we usually get up late …………… the morning
a) in / in b) in/ on c) on / in d) on / on
14) I have been in ………………. Tabriz since …………. Aban
a) the / in b) the / at c) the / the d) – / –
15) There’s ……………. English book on the desk .
a) the b) an c) a d) –
16) I usually listen to …………….. news in the morning .
a) the b) an c) a d) –
مترادف کلمات زیر را بنویسید
maybe = mixed up =

در هر گروه کلمه نا هما هنگ را پیدا کنید .
11) sugar / can / cartoon / box
12) March / Day / October / September
13) morning / evening / afternoon / hungry

با هر گروه از کلمات زیر یک جمله بسازید
14 ) month / the / January / year / first / of / is / the
………………………………………………………………..

15) how / she / taught / him / read / to
………………………………………………………………..
پا سخ سوالات را از ستون مقابل پیدا کنید

A B What is Tokyo like ? I’m not sure
What is the capital of England ? No, it is quite small
Is Yazd a big sity ? It’s an interesting place
How big is Zabol ? It’s very small


یادآوری :
ضمایر فاعلی : جانشین یک اسم در جمله می شوند و نقش فاعل را در جمله دارند و قبل از فعل بکار میروند .
Ali listens to the teacher
He listens to the teacher
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
I we
You you
He
She They
It
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
ضمایر مفعولی : جانشین اسم درحالت مفعولی می شوند و بعد از فعل در جمله به کار میروند
I saw Mina in the park .
I saw her in the park .
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
me us
you you
him
her them
it
نکته : بعد از حرف اضافه ضمیر مفعولی به کار میرود
Samaneh bought a book for me .
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ

صفات ملکی : قبل از اسم قرار می گیرند و مالکیت اسم را بیان می کنند
I saw your father .
این صفات شامل :
جمع مفرد
my our
your your
him
her their
its

ضمایر ملکی : بجای اسم به کار رفته و مالکیت آن اسم را مشخص می کنند
This is my car .
This car is mine .
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
mine ours
yours yours
his
hers theirs its
نکته : بعد از صفات ملکی حتما باید اسم به کار رود اما بعد از ضمیر ملکی اسم به کار نمی رود .
This is your car
This is yours

ضمایر تاکیدی و انعکاسی
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
myself ourselves
yourself yourselves
himself
herself themselves
itself

نکاتی که باید درباره این ضمایر بدانید
1) جای این ضمایر در جمله بعد از فعل است(‌ انعکاسی ) و از نظر تاکید بعد از فاعل به کار میروند.( تاکیدی ) .
نکته : اگر ضمیر تاکیدی از جمله حذف شود باز هم جمله ما یک جمله کامل است .
He killed himself . او خودش را کشت
I myself saw the accident . من خودم آن حادثه را دیدم .
2)‌ اگر ضمایر انعکاسی بجای مفعول جمله به کار رود باید فاعل و مفعول یکنفر باشد
He shot himself .
3) by با ضمیر انعکاسی معنی (( به تنهایی )) می دهد .
I should do it by myself . باید خودم به تنهایی آن را انجام دهم .

حروف اضافه in, on , under ,

on in under

در جای خالی ضمیر تاکیدی یا انعکاسی مناسب قرار دهید
1) Did the children enjoy ……………. when they were on holiday .
2) Don’t worry about us . We can look after ……………….
3) I didn’t buy those pictures . I painted them …………….
4) Be careful with that knife or you’ll cut ……………..
5) I fixed my watch ………….. No one helped me .
6) I’m not going to do your homework for you . You must do it …..
7) Who repaired the bicycle for you ?
Nobody . I repaired it ………..
8) Can you clean the windows for me ?
Why don’t you clean them ……….. ?
9) Does he have a secretary to type this letter ?No , he types his letters ……………

کلمات داده شده را در جای خالی جملات زیربه کار ببرید
I / me / myself / mine / my
1) These books are ……………………… .
2) Our father told …………….. and my sister a good story .
3) I went out to meet a friend of ………….
4) I bought this shirt for ……………….
5) Can you give …………… a book ?
6) My brother and ………….. go to school everyday .
7) This is not …………….. car .
پاسخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) His sister ……………… bought this dress .
a) hers b) herself c) her d) she
2) I ……………. speak to him .
a) me b) mine c) myself d) my
3) I know both of …………… very well
a) they b) their c) theirs d) them
4) That team is good , but not as good as …………….
a) our b) us c) we d) ours
5) Did your friend answer the question ? Yes , ………….. did .
a) he b) him c) I d) you
6) He telephoned last week and invited ………
a) we b) our c) us d) ours
با هر گروه از کلمات داده شده یک جمله بسازید
1) himself / a / house / built / he / has / for
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2) mine / this / book / is not
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3) Mohsen / are / best / my / and / Reza / friends
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4) shoes / these / your / are
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5) I / finish / it / by / cannot / myself
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

یادآوری :
ضمایر فاعلی : جانشین یک اسم در جمله می شوند و نقش فاعل را در جمله دارند و قبل از فعل بکار میروند .
Ali listens to the teacher
He listens to the teacher
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
I we
You you
He
She They
It
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
ضمایر مفعولی : جانشین اسم درحالت مفعولی می شوند و بعد از فعل در جمله به کار میروند
I saw Mina in the park .
I saw her in the park .
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
me us
you you
him
her them
it
نکته : بعد از حرف اضافه ضمیر مفعولی به کار میرود
Samaneh bought a book for me .
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ

صفات ملکی : قبل از اسم قرار می گیرند و مالکیت اسم را بیان می کنند
I saw your father .

این صفات شامل :
جمع مفرد
my our
your your
him
her their
its

ضمایر ملکی : بجای اسم به کار رفته و مالکیت آن اسم را مشخص می کنند
This is my car .
This car is mine .
این ضمایر شامل :
جمع مفرد
mine ours
yours yours
his
hers theirs its
نکته : بعد از صفات ملکی حتما باید اسم به کار رود اما بعد از ضمیر ملکی اسم به کار نمی رود .
This is your car
This is yours

درس هفتم :
جملات شرطی
جملات شرطی از دو جمله تشکیل شده اند:
1) جمله شرط که همراه با if است .
2) جواب شرط یا نتیجه شرط
جملات شرطی بر حسب زمان 3 نوع می باشد که نوع اول آن را در این کتاب میخوانید .
شرطی نوع اول یا شرطی حال ممکن نام دارد زیرا عمل از حالا به بعد انجام خواهد گرفت
طرز ساختن جملات شرطی نوع اول :

به مثالهای زیر توجه کنید
1) If you work hard , you ‘ll succeed .
2) You won’t learn English if you don’t practice .
3) She can talk to you if she sees you .
4) I can’t work these maths problems if you ………… me .

طرز ساختن جملات شرطی نوع دوم
If + و + زمان گذشته ساده ……فاعل +would, could , might + شکل ساده فعل
If I knew , I would become a teacher
If they were here , I would show them the pictures
توجه در شرطی نوع دوم برای تمام اشخاص از were استفاده می کنیم
If I were you , I would study hard

تمرین :
پاسخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) If you study hard , you …………. your exam .
a) will fail b) would pass c) pass d) will pass
2) Will I get there in time if I …………… a taxi .
a) take b) took c) will take d) has taken
3) If he ………… his home work , he will go to the theater .
a) finishes b) finished c) finish d) have finished
4) If you …………. fruits before eating them , you will get sick .
a)won’t wash b) not wash
c) don’t wash d) are not wash
5) If you want to take a photograph , you …………. a camera .
a) can have b) will have c) may have d) ____

در هر یک از جملات زیر اشتباهی وجود دارد . آن را پیدا کنید و جمله را تصحیح کنید .
1) If I will need any help , I’ll ask you .
…………………………………………………………..
2) If we won’t hurry , we’ll be late .
…………………………………………………………..
3) If you post the letter to day , it get there by Monday.
…………………………………………………………..
4) You won’t learn English if you didn’t practice .
…………………………………………………………..
5) If you study hard , you pass the exam .
…………………………………………………………..
6) We won’t go to the seaside if it will rains .
…………………………………………………………..

برخی از لغات مترادف سال دوم دبیرستان
مترادف کلمه مترادف کلمه
Wet Humid Do work
Animal Beast Frighten scare
At least Finally One time Once
Chance / fortune luck A short time A short while
Chief / leader Head Continue Keep on
Continue Last Unhappy sad
Cut Slice Stop Go a way
Damage Hurt Keep Hold
Describe Explain Small / short little
Drink / eat / test taste Suddenly / at once All of a sudden
Drop Fall Continue Go on
Finish Run out Return Give back
Foe Enemy Get earn
Hard – hearted Cruel Only Just
Hate Dislike Mystery secret
Hurry Speed Sudden push , pull or start jerk
Lose Miss Friendly / beautiful Lovely
Nice / interesting Lovely Therefore so
Puzzled Mixed up Not different The same
Raise grow Very small tiny
Rob Steal Dislike hate
Shop Store The whole The entire
Show clearly prove Go on trip travel
Sick ill Trouble bother
Sickness Disease At the present time nowadays
Stone Rock Speed Go very fast
Take Receive Laugh / small giggle
Understand Find out An electric lamp bulb
Continue Keep on Picture Photograph
He who knows what tomorrow holds
نداند بجز ذات پروردگار که فردا چه بازی کند روزگار

برخی از لغات متضاد سال دوم دبیرستان
متضاد کلمه متضاد کلمه
Across Along give receive
Sell Buy on off
kind Cruel dark light
made / create Destroy unhappy sad
wet Dry heavy light
enemy / foe Friend dirty clean
deceive Guide refuse accept
clever Lazy love hate
present Offer deep / high low
push Pull go slowly speed
unreal Real close open
poor Rich lose / spend earn
unhappy Sadly next last
short Tall small big
fat Thin worse better
long Wide the first the last

He that sink finds جوینده یابنده بود

Destroy the lion while he is but a whelp
علاج واقعه قبل از وقوع باید کرد


پاسخ درست را انتخاب کنید
1) There is ………….. milk in the glass
a) any b) few c) haven’t d) some
2) The moon goes …………. the earth .
a) across b) to c) into d) around
3) I ……….. to buy his car .
a) should b) must c) can d) had
4) Mina had finished her lunch before they …………..
a) arrived b) is arriving c) arrive d) will arrive
5) She has promised …………. a letter to me .
a) writing b) has written c) to write d) write
6) Jack was upset because he ………… his book .
a) has lost b) loses c) will lose d) has lost
7) If you ……….. the house , I will have to telephone the police .
a) don’t leave b) left c) wouldn’t leave d) were leaving
8) They sleep in the morning , because they are ………….
a) nights workers b) night workers
c) night worker d) night worker
9) Ali …………… absent since last week .
a) has been b) was c) had been d) is
10) The book ………… he likes is here .
a) who b) whom c) which d) what
11) I have two brothers , and both of ……….. are in the office .
a) their b) them c) they d) theirs
12) It is difficult …………. a mountain .
a) climbing b) climb c) climbs d) to climb
13) My father read the book , …………… ?
a) did he b) didn’t he c) does he d) doesn’t he
14) The flowers …………. you see in the shop are not for sale .
a) that b) who c) what d) whom
15) We breath through our …………..
a) ear b) nose c) head d) eye
16) There is a slice of cake on the table . “ slice “ means :
a) desk b) cake c) chocolate d) part
17) Cars can go very fast . “ very fast “ means :
a) put b) grow c) speed d) get
18) The poor man works very hard , but he doesn’t ……… much money
a) pay b) earn c) grow d) put

19) Nowadays everything is expensive . “ nowadays means :
a) those days b) the day before
c) that day d) these days
20) The opposite of the word “ difficult “ is …………
a) early b) hard c) different d) easy
21) A photographer …………….. a photo .
a) shakes b) takes c) grows d) builds
22) He may start to giggle . The opposite of “ giggle “ is ……..
a) enjoy b) play c) pray d) laugh
23) Who created the entire ………….. ?
a) friend b) enemy c) universe d) university
24) If you keep on trying , you will succeed .” Keep on means
a) contain b) count c) continue d) can
25) You never know when hiccups will start .It means that ………..
a) they start suddenly b) we can never stop them
c) we never stop suddenly d) they don’t start suddenly
26) My brothers hurt …………..
a) himself b) itself c) herself d) themselves
27) Everybody in the class told …………….. name .
a) his b) he’s c) him d) to him
28) I read the book from ………….. to end .
a) playing b) start c) beginning d) writing
29) Please give me a ……………of bread , I’m hungry .
a) some b) pair c) slice d) loaf
30) ………….. means return .
a) keep on b) get on c) take off d) give back
31) Before he ……………, the library had closed
a) arrived b) have arrived c) arrive d) have arrived
32) He was very tired because he …………. all day .
a) works b) has worked c) will work d) works
33) ……………of my friends are young . They are 20 and 18 .
a) Either b) Both c) Neither d) None
34) Ali has only …………… friends , doesn’t he ?
a) no b) much c) a few d) a little
35) The opposite of “ very big ” is ……….
a) thin b) large c) tiny d) huge
36) “ Slow down” means : …………
a) push b) Don’t speed c) speed d) pull
37) The test …………….. the teacher gave us last week was very difficult .
a) whose b) who c) whom d) which
38) He …………… not to make that mistake again .
a) enjoyed b) promised c) considered d) practiced
39) Where do you plan to take your vacation ?
I’m going to the ……….. . I like swimming and sunbathing .
a) mountains b) seaside c) country d) garden
40) “Chance ” means : …………….
a) lucky b) fortune c) comfortable d) lack
41) Who …………….. ? The doctor is .
a) is the sick people helping
b) is the sick helping people
c) is helping people the sick
d) is helping the sick people
42) Have you ever seen a cat ? “ever ”means :
a) lately b) up to now c) at this moment d) right now
43) I bought a new house for …………..
a) me b) myself c) mine d) I
44) …………. Caspian sea is in ………. North …….of I ran .
a) the , __ , the b) the , the , the
c) the , the , __ d) the , the , an
45) There’s …………… English book on the desk .
a) the b) a c) an d) __
46) If you ………….. your money , you will be able to buy a wrist watch next year .
a) save b) saved c) saving d) to save
47) If they know your address , they ……….. to see you .
a) will come b) has come c) come d) would come

در هر یک از سوالات زیر یک کلمه از نظر تلفظ با بقیه فرق دارد
48) look , would , soon , cook
49) cats , dogs , maps , roofs
50) know , sound , house , now
51) few , music , usual , blue

Good luck


ن : محمدرضا احمدی
ت : جمعه 29 دی‌ماه سال 1391
 
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